I have two different videos which I'm trying to load into a VideoView using

videoView.setVideoURI(Uri.parse(url));

The two videos, let them be video 1 and video 2, have the following specs (extracted using ffmpeg -i); in fact, they are two different encodings of the same video:

  1. Video 1:

    Seems stream 0 codec frame rate differs from container frame rate: 180000.00 (180000/1) -> 90000.00 (180000/2)
    Input #0, mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2, from '4fbfd5ece4b0932236fc234d.mp4':
      Metadata:
        major_brand     : mp42
        minor_version   : 0
        compatible_brands: mp42isomavc1
        creation_time   : 2011-12-03 04:43:46
        genre           : Trailer
        artist          : Paramount Pictures
        title           : Captain America: The First Avenger - Theatrical Trailer #2
        encoder         : HandBrake 4344svn 2011111001
        date            : 2011
      Duration: 00:02:30.67, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 6738 kb/s
        Stream #0.0(und): Video: h264 (High), yuv420p, 1920x800 [PAR 1:1 DAR 12:5], 6575 kb/s, 23.97 fps, 90k tbr, 90k tbn, 180k tbc
        Metadata:
          creation_time   : 2011-12-03 04:43:46
        Stream #0.1(eng): Audio: aac, 48000 Hz, stereo, s16, 159 kb/s
        Metadata:
          creation_time   : 2011-12-03 04:43:46
    
  2. Video 2:

    Input #0, mov,mp4,m4a,3gp,3g2,mj2, from '500416ea44aeb4b95d5ae8a0_hd.mp4':
      Metadata:
        major_brand     : isom
        minor_version   : 512
        compatible_brands: isomiso2avc1mp41
        creation_time   : 2011-12-03 04:43:46
        title           : Captain America: The First Avenger - Theatrical Trailer #2
        artist          : Paramount Pictures
        date            : 2011
        encoder         : Lavf53.32.100
        genre           : Trailer
      Duration: 00:02:30.69, start: 0.000000, bitrate: 2045 kb/s
        Stream #0.0(und): Video: h264 (High), yuv420p, 1280x720 [PAR 27:20 DAR 12:5], 1889 kb/s, 23.99 fps, 90k tbr, 180k tbn, 180k tbc
        Metadata:
          creation_time   : 2011-12-03 04:43:46
        Stream #0.1(eng): Audio: aac, 44100 Hz, stereo, s16, 151 kb/s
        Metadata:
          creation_time   : 2011-12-03 04:43:46
    

I am aware that AAC support came with Honeycomb, and therefore I tested the videos with several devices; the results are given below:

  1. SGS II with custom 4.0.3 OS(Sensation ROM 3.4 with CF-Root kernel) - Video 1:OK - Video2:OK
  2. SGS I with Samsung 2.3.3 OS - Video 1:error (1, -2147483648) - Video 2:OK
  3. SGS I with custom 4.0.3 OS(ICS SGS TEAM ROM with Devil kernel) - Video 1:error (1, -2147483648) - Video 2:OK
  4. Nexus One with original 2.3.6 OS - Video 1:See (1) below - Video 2:See (2) below
  5. Emulator with 2.2 OS - Video 1:error (1, -2147483648) - Video 2:error (1, -2147483648)
  6. Emulator with 4.0.3 OS - Video 1:error (1, -2147483648) - Video 2:error (1, -2147483648)

Both videos play fine in Google Chrome in a PC. It might be useful to add that in the OK case, video and audio both play correctly. In the error (1, -2147483648) case, the same log is spewed from all devices (except Nexus One):

07-18 10:25:10.996: I/MediaPlayer(17860): uri is:http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/cf-templates-k6ohn88yswx5-eu-west-1/videos/4fbc88e7e4b0b0896e877764/4fbfd5ece4b0932236fc234d.mp4
07-18 10:25:10.996: I/MediaPlayer(17860): path is null
07-18 10:25:10.996: D/MediaPlayer(17860): Couldn't open file on client side, trying server side
07-18 10:25:39.859: D/MediaPlayer(17860): getMetadata
07-18 10:25:45.070: E/MediaPlayer(17860): error (1, -2147483648)
07-18 10:25:45.074: E/MediaPlayer(17860): Error (1,-2147483648)
07-18 10:25:45.078: D/VideoView(17860): Error: 1,-2147483648

In the (1) case, the following log is spewed from Nexus One, and the video never loads:

07-18 13:49:20.115: D/MediaPlayer(10109): Couldn't open file on client side, trying server side
07-18 13:49:20.115: I/StagefrightPlayer(68): setDataSource('http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/cf-templates-k6ohn88yswx5-eu-west-1/videos/4fbc88e7e4b0b0896e877764/4fbfd5ece4b0932236fc234d.mp4')
07-18 13:49:20.135: I/NuHTTPDataSource(68): connect to s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com:80/cf-templates-k6ohn88yswx5-eu-west-1/videos/4fbc88e7e4b0b0896e877764/4fbfd5ece4b0932236fc234d.mp4 @0
07-18 13:49:20.155: I/ActivityManager(98): Displayed com.woisio/.video.VideoActivity: +450ms
07-18 13:49:20.795: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:22.185: I/OMXCodec(68): [OMX.qcom.video.decoder.avc] allocating 4 buffers of size 460800 on input port
07-18 13:49:22.195: I/OMXCodec(68): [OMX.qcom.video.decoder.avc] allocating 8 buffers of size 2304000 on output port
07-18 13:49:25.325: D/dalvikvm(9499): GC_EXPLICIT freed 13K, 50% free 2726K/5379K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 116ms
07-18 13:49:27.525: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:28.235: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Cache full, done prefetching for now
07-18 13:49:30.275: D/dalvikvm(9902): GC_EXPLICIT freed 8K, 50% free 2714K/5379K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 69ms
07-18 13:49:34.255: D/Finsky(9066): [1] 5.onFinished: Installation state replication succeeded.
07-18 13:49:35.855: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:39.055: D/dalvikvm(9911): GC_EXPLICIT freed 22K, 50% free 2710K/5379K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 38ms
07-18 13:49:42.575: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:43.285: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:44.095: D/dalvikvm(9918): GC_EXPLICIT freed 7K, 50% free 2708K/5379K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 66ms
07-18 13:49:49.085: D/dalvikvm(9925): GC_EXPLICIT freed 15K, 49% free 3268K/6407K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 50ms
07-18 13:49:50.925: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:54.115: D/dalvikvm(6756): GC_EXPLICIT freed 9K, 44% free 3774K/6727K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 77ms
07-18 13:49:57.685: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:58.375: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:49:59.105: D/dalvikvm(9066): GC_EXPLICIT freed 385K, 53% free 3186K/6727K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 66ms
07-18 13:50:05.955: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:50:06.045: D/dalvikvm(8047): GC_EXPLICIT freed 9K, 47% free 3830K/7111K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 86ms
07-18 13:50:09.465: I/3gw.Service(488): Mobile Network not connected - not roaming
07-18 13:50:12.765: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:50:13.465: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:50:18.775: I/WindowManager(98): Setting rotation to 3, animFlags=0
07-18 13:50:18.795: I/ActivityManager(98): Config changed: { scale=1.0 imsi=286/2 loc=en_US touch=3 keys=1/1/2 nav=3/1 orien=2 layout=34 uiMode=17 seq=34}
07-18 13:50:18.895: D/dalvikvm(169): GC_EXTERNAL_ALLOC freed 108K, 48% free 3253K/6215K, external 5172K/5180K, paused 37ms
07-18 13:50:21.005: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:50:21.265: D/dalvikvm(98): GC_EXPLICIT freed 394K, 42% free 6631K/11335K, external 4458K/5567K, paused 109ms

In the (2) case, the following log is spewed from Nexus One and as you can see, ends with an error (1, -2147483648):

07-18 13:47:03.595: D/MediaPlayer(10059): Couldn't open file on client side, trying server side
07-18 13:47:03.595: I/StagefrightPlayer(68): setDataSource('http://s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/cf-templates-k6ohn88yswx5-eu-west-1/videos/4ff4514444aec3d2f9f07ead/500416ea44aeb4b95d5ae8a0_hd.mp4')
07-18 13:47:03.605: I/NuHTTPDataSource(68): connect to s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com:80/cf-templates-k6ohn88yswx5-eu-west-1/videos/4ff4514444aec3d2f9f07ead/500416ea44aeb4b95d5ae8a0_hd.mp4 @0
07-18 13:47:03.625: I/ActivityManager(98): Displayed com.woisio/.video.VideoActivity: +505ms
07-18 13:47:05.355: I/OMXCodec(68): [OMX.qcom.video.decoder.avc] allocating 4 buffers of size 460800 on input port
07-18 13:47:05.355: I/OMXCodec(68): [OMX.qcom.video.decoder.avc] allocating 8 buffers of size 1382400 on output port
07-18 13:47:05.365: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:47:08.375: D/MediaPlayer(10059): getMetadata
07-18 13:47:08.745: D/dalvikvm(9925): GC_EXPLICIT freed 651K, 49% free 3275K/6407K, external 1625K/2137K, paused 68ms
07-18 13:47:09.205: I/3gw.Service(488): Mobile Network not connected - not roaming
07-18 13:47:11.565: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Cache full, done prefetching for now
07-18 13:47:12.095: I/NuCachedSource2(68): Keep alive
07-18 13:47:14.245: W/QCvdec(68): H264_Utils::check_header 
07-18 13:47:14.245: W/QCvdec(68): check_header: start code 33
07-18 13:47:14.245: W/QCvdec(68): H264_Utils::check_header 
07-18 13:47:14.245: W/QCvdec(68): check_header: start code 10
07-18 13:47:14.245: W/QCvdec(68): Parsing Error unsupported profile or level
07-18 13:47:14.245: W/QCvdec(68): ETB in Invalid State
07-18 13:47:14.245: E/OMXCodec(68): [OMX.qcom.video.decoder.avc] ERROR(0x8000100a, 0)
07-18 13:47:14.245: E/MediaPlayer(10059): error (1, -2147483648)
07-18 13:47:14.285: E/MediaPlayer(10059): Error (1,-2147483648)
07-18 13:47:14.285: D/VideoView(10059): Error: 1,-2147483648

From what I have read, the error (1, -2147483648) may correspond to unsupported codecs, corrupt metadata or incorrect file headers. If it is so, could you point me in the right direction as to use which codec? Thanks.

2 upvote
  flag
Did you get the videos streaming on all the devices? Can you please share your findings with me? I am having the same problem. The videos work on few devices and on a few they don't. – Adil Malik

9 Answers 11

In my case the error was due to the mediaplayer not having file permissions on the locally stored video. Try storing the video onto the /mnt/sdCARD directory.

1 upvote
  flag
I cannot store the video, it must be streamed from an external server. – Ayberk Özgür

For streaming, the Android site has a note:

For 3GPP and MPEG-4 containers, the moov atom must precede any mdat atoms, but must succeed the ftyp atom.

I got the same error before moving the moov atom. In order to fix this, you can use mp4Box with this command:

MP4Box -hint output.mp4 

Most of my videos can stream after that. If it does not work, try this with ffmpeg:

ffmpeg -i input.flv -f mp4 -vcodec libx264 -vprofile baseline -acodec libfaac -ar 16k -ab 32k output.mp4
MP4Box -hint output.mp4 

There are other tools you can find here.

I had a similar issue. In my case the video would play fine when I downloaded it to the phone first and then played it. But when I tried to use Progressive HTTP I would get the same error noted in the OP.

I verified that the ftyp, moov and mdat atoms were in the correct order. It turned out that the problem was the the value of the ftyp field. It was set to 'qt '. I used MP4Box to extract the tracks and create a new mp4 file which had the ftyp set to 'isom'. This new file worked fine for Progressive HTTP.

up vote 82 down vote accepted

Just to clarify something for anyone reading this question based on the title.

When looking at the error value (1, -2147483648), the '1' value corresponds to the constant in MediaPlayer.MEDIA_ERROR_UNKNOWN.

-2147483648 corresponds to hexadecimal 0x80000000 which is defined as UNKNOWN_ERROR in frameworks/native/include/utils/Errors.h

This shows that the error's source is hard to pin down as it is quite a generic return value, thrown by codec and compatibility issues as mentioned above but also thread cancellations and several other types.

For your issue, I would recommend consulting the Android Supported Media Formats with compatible Android versions and see if the encoding type is the cause of your problem, but as mentioned above the Unknown Error response can be caused by a number of problems.

1 upvote
  flag
What is the solution? Don't have? I don't understand clearly what u mean. So Only need change encoder or should remove encoder? – Huy Tower
upvote
  flag
@MirrorTowers: In my case, on some devices I didn't have the permission to read the files even though it was my app who created them, after downloading them from a server and putting them in the app's cache folder. Try changing the read permissions. – nonzaprej
2 upvote
  flag
I received this error when streaming a resource from https on 3.0. It seems HTTPS is only supported from Android 3.1 onwards – QuantumTiger
upvote
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As an update - this is now also explicitly defined as 'MEDIA_ERROR_SYSTEM (-2147483648) - low-level system error.' in the Android online documentation for MediaPlayer (at the time of writing): developer.android.com/reference/android/media/… - doesn't necessarily help that much but at least it is there explicitly... – Mick

I am also getting same MEDIA_ERROR_UNKNOWN error issue for playing video(rtsp).

In my case I am finding issue with my wifi. Some security reasons wifi is restricted for RTSP protocol. So that I'm facing this MEDIA_ERROR_UNKNOWN error issue. Once check with your network permissions.

When I am moving to mobile data for playing video it's working fine for me. May be this will be helpful whoever facing same kind of error :).

I was facing the same issue ,But what i did on my side is

Firstly i stop the media player and then Released it.

mMediaPlayer.stop(); mMediaPlayer.release();

Take care of the support media type and resolution of your device. Error error (1, -2147483648) often, appear when your video media type, codecs, or resolution is not supported by your device.

Checkout the media type supported by Android in the documentation :

https://developer.android.com/guide/appendix/media-formats.html

For example, we can notice that device above 3.0 support .mp4, but not all of them support HD 720p.

In my case, this problem was caused by a media URL with spaces! Here is the fix:

mMediaPlayer.setDataSource(source.replaceAll(" ", "%20"));
upvote
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urls must always be percent encoded – Softlion
upvote
  flag
The Android Universal Media Player app (UAMP) does this. The fix to get it working for URL's like those at cbsrmt.com is correctly shown above. – Lee Hounshell

I resolved this similarly to the way stated in @nam-trung's answer, however as my videos were already h264 and mp4 all I needed to do was run the following on each file:

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vprofile baseline output.mp4

After that, the videos all worked in VideoView when run on all devices I've tested on running API v19 through v25.

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