How can I capture a video recording on Android?

upvote
  flag
can we record the audio in the existing video track ?? – Ahmad Arslan
upvote
  flag
another thanks way is checked helpfull answer – Adnan Abdollah Zaki

10 Answers 11

You record audio and video using the same MediaRecorder class. It's pretty simple. Here's an example.

1 upvote
  flag
There are subtle bugs in the video implementation in MediaRecorder that cause segmentation faults for unpredictable reasons. I suspect this is why @Vishnuparsad was posting this question in the first place. – bobpoekert
upvote
  flag
Then he should have mentioned it :) – Drakosha
upvote
  flag
It takes a bit more work to record video as you have to deal with the preview surface. – vanevery

Check out this Sample Camera Preview code, CameraPreview. This would help you in devloping video recording code for video preview, create MediaRecorder object, and set video recording parameters.

upvote
  flag
link is 404 error – I. J. Kennedy
2 upvote
  flag
The correct url is: developer.android.com/resources/samples/ApiDemos/src/com/…. It might have changed since piyshnp posted his answer – Bilthon
upvote
  flag

Here is a simple video recording example using the MediaRecorder:

public class VideoCapture extends Activity implements OnClickListener, SurfaceHolder.Callback {
    MediaRecorder recorder;
    SurfaceHolder holder;
    boolean recording = false;
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        requestWindowFeature(Window.FEATURE_NO_TITLE);
        getWindow().setFlags(WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN,
                WindowManager.LayoutParams.FLAG_FULLSCREEN);
        setRequestedOrientation(ActivityInfo.SCREEN_ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE);

        recorder = new MediaRecorder();
        initRecorder();
        setContentView(R.layout.main);

        SurfaceView cameraView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.CameraView);
        holder = cameraView.getHolder();
        holder.addCallback(this);
        holder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);

        cameraView.setClickable(true);
        cameraView.setOnClickListener(this);
    }

    private void initRecorder() {
        recorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.DEFAULT);
        recorder.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.DEFAULT);

        CamcorderProfile cpHigh = CamcorderProfile
                .get(CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH);
        recorder.setProfile(cpHigh);
        recorder.setOutputFile("/sdcard/videocapture_example.mp4");
        recorder.setMaxDuration(50000); // 50 seconds
        recorder.setMaxFileSize(5000000); // Approximately 5 megabytes
    }

    private void prepareRecorder() {
        recorder.setPreviewDisplay(holder.getSurface());

        try {
            recorder.prepare();
        } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            finish();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            finish();
        }
    }

    public void onClick(View v) {
        if (recording) {
            recorder.stop();
            recording = false;

            // Let's initRecorder so we can record again
            initRecorder();
            prepareRecorder();
        } else {
            recording = true;
            recorder.start();
        }
    }

    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        prepareRecorder();
    }

    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width,
            int height) {
    }

    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        if (recording) {
            recorder.stop();
            recording = false;
        }
        recorder.release();
        finish();
    }
}

It's from my book: Pro Android Media: Developing Graphics, Music, Video, and Rich Media Apps for Smartphones and Tablets

Also, do not forget to include these permissions in manifest:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
27 upvote
  flag
This is a great example. I had some trouble getting it to work at first. My error was related to file output size of 0 bytes. I started debugging and the culprit turned out to be record.prepare(). I was not setting a new outputfile for the recorder so it was overwriting my existing video every time I touched the screen to stop the video recording. Hope this helps someone else out there :-) By the way it is worth mentioning that you also need to add RECORD_AUDIO, CAMERA and WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE permissions to your manifest for this sample code to work. – Lasse Samson
upvote
  flag
CamcorderProfile Feature is Since from api level 8 and my project Since from 3(1.5) so can you tell me What is alternative? – Nikunj Patel
upvote
  flag
@Leffy i have same proble raise i got 0 bit so i have remove prepare() but it get me exception can you tell me what i do here? – Nikunj Patel
2 upvote
  flag
I have been completely unable to make this work reliably with a preview which shows before recording starts. Is there any chance of an edit to show this? – Captain Blammo
11 upvote
  flag
please also post xml file – Nirav Ranpara
13 upvote
  flag
Here is the above example with camera preview: github.com/vanevery/Custom-Video-Capture-with-Preview – vanevery
3 upvote
  flag
WARNING! If you will use this example, dont forget to delete finish() method from surface destroying! It closing you opportunity to return to this activity from other activities. I lost there more then 2 hours ) – Divers
1 upvote
  flag
You saved my job, thanks a billion! – TharakaNirmana
upvote
  flag
Thanks...Nice example – Manisha Patel
upvote
  flag
@vanevery Can I get raw buffer form MediaRecorder? How can I display it back without using SurfaceView ? – onmyway133
2 upvote
  flag
@vanevery the big problem of this code is.. it create two files one is good recording another is create when we re prepare recorder..is there any way to remove that file if we don't record it.. – Swap-IOS-Android
2 upvote
  flag
@vanevery is it possible to use your code to record with front camera? Not sure if it is possible. – Junior Programmer
upvote
  flag
this was the perfect working example i found.As the recording is stopped the video preview stops, i want that the preview continues even after recording is stopped...how to do it?] – Rishabh Srivastava
upvote
  flag
Very awesome example. – High schooler
upvote
  flag
Hi, Its a Good and great example to recording Video in android. Thanks to Vanevery. I faced a small problem while running this on Nexus 4. The recording was stopped after some time (based on time limit specified as setmaxduration ) but the surface view is keep in ON(Visible state) even recording was stopped. How to achieve this one? – Ramesh J
upvote
  flag
hello @vanevery do you have any idea about capturing android sreen with audio? – Poison
upvote
  flag
such a nice example. is it possible to difince CamcorderProfile based on the setMaxDuration and setMaxFileSize? means which profile is suitable to record 1 minute video so the file size is equal to lesser then setMaxFileSize depending on the device(consider parameters like, screen size, video bit rate, video frame rate, dpi). – Hiren Dabhi
upvote
  flag
What exact format it records to? – Flash Thunder
upvote
  flag
Nice Example,for capture video from back camera.I want to capture from both front and back camera but when switch camera preview not created.Any idea or link please help me. – Ravi
upvote
  flag
@vanevery, I checked your example with camera preview. i posted an issue on Github. github.com/vanevery/Custom-Video-Capture-with-Preview/issues – Jorge E. Hernández
upvote
  flag
according to the developer.android.com/guide/topics/media/…, we should use a Camera to record video. So why you didn't use it in your example? – suitianshi
1 upvote
  flag
when I execute this,log has "recording started","recording stopped","surfaceDestroyed" n all but but there is no video in gallery – Prabs
upvote
  flag
It's not working in Android studio 1.2 giving a list of log of errors like "DrReadUsbStatus File Open failed" paste.ofcode.org/K5EJL5BtUs3PHUZYbh7ye3 – Prabs
upvote
  flag
Hi @Piotr, I cant make this code work. whenever I start this activity thru an intent , a screen appears for less than a sec or say the screen just flickers for a moment and the in the log I see " surfaceDestroyed "...can anyone help ???? – BST Kaal
1 upvote
  flag
Hi @BSTKaal. Currently I have no possibility to check this but maybe vanevery could help you – Piotr
upvote
  flag
Thnx for reply, @vanevery can u plz help me out here... – BST Kaal
upvote
  flag
@Piotr, can u plz take a look at this question, //allinonescript.com/questions/32477547/… – BST Kaal
upvote
  flag
For me it seems to record for a short time and then the screen is stuck and then it records for a second and stops again and then again for a second and then it stops recording entirely (at least in the preview) – Dennis van Opstal
upvote
  flag
what should i use instead of this holder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS); it is depricated. – Shahab Rauf
upvote
  flag
How do I modify this code to record internal screen? – mehulmpt
upvote
  flag
If you also get 0 bytes files. Make sure to delete initRecorder(); and prepareRecorder(); in onClick method, otherwise the recorder will overwrite the recently created file with an empty. – Zeezer

Here is another example which is working

public class EnregistrementVideoStackActivity extends Activity implements SurfaceHolder.Callback {
    private SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder;
    private SurfaceView surfaceView;
    public MediaRecorder mrec = new MediaRecorder();
    private Button startRecording = null;

    File video;
    private Camera mCamera;

    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.camera_surface);
        Log.i(null , "Video starting");
        startRecording = (Button)findViewById(R.id.buttonstart);
        mCamera = Camera.open();
        surfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surface_camera);
        surfaceHolder = surfaceView.getHolder();
        surfaceHolder.addCallback(this);
        surfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu)
    {
        menu.add(0, 0, 0, "StartRecording");
        menu.add(0, 1, 0, "StopRecording");
        return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu);
    }

    @Override
    public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item)
    {
        switch (item.getItemId())
        {
        case 0:
            try {
                startRecording();
            } catch (Exception e) {
                String message = e.getMessage();
                Log.i(null, "Problem Start"+message);
                mrec.release();
            }
            break;

        case 1: //GoToAllNotes
            mrec.stop();
            mrec.release();
            mrec = null;
            break;

        default:
            break;
        }
        return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
    }

    protected void startRecording() throws IOException 
    {
        mrec = new MediaRecorder();  // Works well
        mCamera.unlock();

        mrec.setCamera(mCamera);

        mrec.setPreviewDisplay(surfaceHolder.getSurface());
        mrec.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.CAMERA);
        mrec.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.MIC); 

        mrec.setProfile(CamcorderProfile.get(CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH));
        mrec.setPreviewDisplay(surfaceHolder.getSurface());
        mrec.setOutputFile("/sdcard/zzzz.3gp"); 

        mrec.prepare();
        mrec.start();
    }

    protected void stopRecording() {
        mrec.stop();
        mrec.release();
        mCamera.release();
    }

    private void releaseMediaRecorder(){
        if (mrec != null) {
            mrec.reset();   // clear recorder configuration
            mrec.release(); // release the recorder object
            mrec = null;
            mCamera.lock();           // lock camera for later use
        }
    }

    private void releaseCamera(){
        if (mCamera != null){
            mCamera.release();        // release the camera for other applications
            mCamera = null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width,
            int height) {
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        if (mCamera != null){
            Parameters params = mCamera.getParameters();
            mCamera.setParameters(params);
        }
        else {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Camera not available!", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            finish();
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        mCamera.stopPreview();
        mCamera.release();
    }
}

camera_surface.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="match_parent"
android:layout_height="match_parent"
android:orientation="vertical" >

<SurfaceView
    android:id="@+id/surface_camera"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:layout_weight="1" />

<Button
    android:id="@+id/buttonstart"
    android:layout_width="wrap_content"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:background="@drawable/record_start" />

</RelativeLayout>

And of course include these permission in manifest:

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
upvote
  flag
upvote
  flag
Thank you, example of vanevery is storing file of size 0 byte, which is not useful – user609239
upvote
  flag
By clicking the hardware menu, start and stop recordings will be shown. But in the Android tablets there is no hardware menu. In that scenario, how can I start and stop the video capture.? – Karthick
upvote
  flag
Some tweaking to get the example to compile, but this worked wonderfully for me. Thanks! – Gopherkhan
upvote
  flag
@Milos Can you tell me how to embed the marker image in to the surface video ?? – Ahmad Arslan
upvote
  flag
This example does not work on my Galaxy S3 nor Xperia Arc S (which returns error: Permission failure: com.sonyericsson.permission.CAMERA_EXTENDED) – Yar

This demo will helpful for you....

video.xml

<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:orientation="vertical" >

<ToggleButton
    android:id="@+id/toggleRecordingButton"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="wrap_content"
    android:layout_alignParentTop="true" />

<SurfaceView
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/surface_camera"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    android:layout_centerInParent="true"
    android:layout_weight="1" >
</SurfaceView>

Your Main Activity: Video.java

 public class Video extends Activity implements OnClickListener,
    SurfaceHolder.Callback {

private static final String TAG = "CAMERA_TUTORIAL";

private SurfaceView mSurfaceView;
private SurfaceHolder mHolder;
private Camera mCamera;
private boolean previewRunning;
private MediaRecorder mMediaRecorder;
private final int maxDurationInMs = 20000;
private final long maxFileSizeInBytes = 500000;
private final int videoFramesPerSecond = 20;
Button btn_record;
boolean mInitSuccesful = false;
File file;
ToggleButton mToggleButton;

@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.video);

    setRequestedOrientation(ActivityInfo.SCREEN_ORIENTATION_LANDSCAPE);

    mSurfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surface_camera);
    mHolder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
    mHolder.addCallback(this);
    mHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);

    mToggleButton = (ToggleButton) findViewById(R.id.toggleRecordingButton);
    mToggleButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
        @Override
        // toggle video recording
        public void onClick(View v) {
            if (((ToggleButton) v).isChecked())
                mMediaRecorder.start();
            else {
                mMediaRecorder.stop();
                mMediaRecorder.reset();
                try {
                    initRecorder(mHolder.getSurface());
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
            }
        }
    });
}

private void initRecorder(Surface surface) throws IOException {
    // It is very important to unlock the camera before doing setCamera
    // or it will results in a black preview
    if (mCamera == null) 
    {
        mCamera = Camera.open();
        mCamera.unlock();
    }

    if (mMediaRecorder == null)
        mMediaRecorder = new MediaRecorder();

    mMediaRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(surface);
    mMediaRecorder.setCamera(mCamera);

    mMediaRecorder.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.CAMERA);

    mMediaRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.DEFAULT);

    mMediaRecorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.DEFAULT);

    mMediaRecorder.setOutputFile(this.initFile().getAbsolutePath());

    // No limit. Don't forget to check the space on disk.
    mMediaRecorder.setMaxDuration(50000);
    mMediaRecorder.setVideoFrameRate(24);
    mMediaRecorder.setVideoSize(1280, 720);
    mMediaRecorder.setVideoEncodingBitRate(3000000);
    mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncodingBitRate(8000);

    mMediaRecorder.setVideoEncoder(MediaRecorder.VideoEncoder.DEFAULT);
    mMediaRecorder.setAudioEncoder(MediaRecorder.AudioEncoder.AMR_NB);

    try {
        mMediaRecorder.prepare();
    } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
        // This is thrown if the previous calls are not called with the
        // proper order
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    mInitSuccesful = true;
}

private File initFile() {
    // File dir = new
    // File(Environment.getExternalStoragePublicDirectory(Environment.DIRECTORY_MOVIES),
    // this
    File dir = new File(Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory(), this
            .getClass().getPackage().getName());


    if (!dir.exists() && !dir.mkdirs()) {
        Log.wtf(TAG,
                "Failed to create storage directory: "
                        + dir.getAbsolutePath());
        Toast.makeText(Video.this, "not record", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT);
        file = null;
    } else {
        file = new File(dir.getAbsolutePath(), new SimpleDateFormat(
                "'IMG_'yyyyMMddHHmmss'.mp4'").format(new Date()));
    }
    return file;
}

@Override
public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
    try {
        if (!mInitSuccesful)
            initRecorder(mHolder.getSurface());
    } catch (IOException e) {
        // TODO Auto-generated catch block
        e.printStackTrace();
    }
}

private void shutdown() {
    // Release MediaRecorder and especially the Camera as it's a shared
    // object that can be used by other applications
    mMediaRecorder.reset();
    mMediaRecorder.release();
    mCamera.release();

    // once the objects have been released they can't be reused
    mMediaRecorder = null;
    mCamera = null;
}

@Override
public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
    shutdown();
}

@Override
public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width,
        int height) {
    // TODO Auto-generated method stub

}

@Override
public void onClick(View v) {
    // TODO Auto-generated method stub

}

}

MediaMetadataRetriever Class

public class MediaMetadataRetriever {

 static {
        System.loadLibrary("media_jni");
        native_init();
    }

    // The field below is accessed by native methods
    @SuppressWarnings("unused")
    private int mNativeContext;

    public MediaMetadataRetriever() {
        native_setup();
    }

    /**
     * Call this method before setDataSource() so that the mode becomes
     * effective for subsequent operations. This method can be called only once
     * at the beginning if the intended mode of operation for a
     * MediaMetadataRetriever object remains the same for its whole lifetime,
     * and thus it is unnecessary to call this method each time setDataSource()
     * is called. If this is not never called (which is allowed), by default the
     * intended mode of operation is to both capture frame and retrieve meta
     * data (i.e., MODE_GET_METADATA_ONLY | MODE_CAPTURE_FRAME_ONLY).
     * Often, this may not be what one wants, since doing this has negative
     * performance impact on execution time of a call to setDataSource(), since
     * both types of operations may be time consuming.
     * 
     * @param mode The intended mode of operation. Can be any combination of 
     * MODE_GET_METADATA_ONLY and MODE_CAPTURE_FRAME_ONLY:
     * 1. MODE_GET_METADATA_ONLY & MODE_CAPTURE_FRAME_ONLY: 
     *    For neither frame capture nor meta data retrieval
     * 2. MODE_GET_METADATA_ONLY: For meta data retrieval only
     * 3. MODE_CAPTURE_FRAME_ONLY: For frame capture only
     * 4. MODE_GET_METADATA_ONLY | MODE_CAPTURE_FRAME_ONLY: 
     *    For both frame capture and meta data retrieval
     */
    public native void setMode(int mode);

    /**
     * @return the current mode of operation. A negative return value indicates
     * some runtime error has occurred.
     */
    public native int getMode();

    /**
     * Sets the data source (file pathname) to use. Call this
     * method before the rest of the methods in this class. This method may be
     * time-consuming.
     * 
     * @param path The path of the input media file.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException If the path is invalid.
     */
    public native void setDataSource(String path) throws IllegalArgumentException;

    /**
     * Sets the data source (FileDescriptor) to use.  It is the caller's
     * responsibility to close the file descriptor. It is safe to do so as soon
     * as this call returns. Call this method before the rest of the methods in
     * this class. This method may be time-consuming.
     * 
     * @param fd the FileDescriptor for the file you want to play
     * @param offset the offset into the file where the data to be played starts,
     * in bytes. It must be non-negative
     * @param length the length in bytes of the data to be played. It must be
     * non-negative.
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the arguments are invalid
     */
    public native void setDataSource(FileDescriptor fd, long offset, long length)
            throws IllegalArgumentException;

    /**
     * Sets the data source (FileDescriptor) to use. It is the caller's
     * responsibility to close the file descriptor. It is safe to do so as soon
     * as this call returns. Call this method before the rest of the methods in
     * this class. This method may be time-consuming.
     * 
     * @param fd the FileDescriptor for the file you want to play
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the FileDescriptor is invalid
     */
    public void setDataSource(FileDescriptor fd)
            throws IllegalArgumentException {
        // intentionally less than LONG_MAX
        setDataSource(fd, 0, 0x7ffffffffffffffL);
    }

    /**
     * Sets the data source as a content Uri. Call this method before 
     * the rest of the methods in this class. This method may be time-consuming.
     * 
     * @param context the Context to use when resolving the Uri
     * @param uri the Content URI of the data you want to play
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the Uri is invalid
     * @throws SecurityException if the Uri cannot be used due to lack of
     * permission.
     */
    public void setDataSource(Context context, Uri uri)
        throws IllegalArgumentException, SecurityException {
        if (uri == null) {
            throw new IllegalArgumentException();
        }

        String scheme = uri.getScheme();
        if(scheme == null || scheme.equals("file")) {
            setDataSource(uri.getPath());
            return;
        }

        AssetFileDescriptor fd = null;
        try {
            ContentResolver resolver = context.getContentResolver();
            try {
                fd = resolver.openAssetFileDescriptor(uri, "r");
            } catch(FileNotFoundException e) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException();
            }
            if (fd == null) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException();
            }
            FileDescriptor descriptor = fd.getFileDescriptor();
            if (!descriptor.valid()) {
                throw new IllegalArgumentException();
            }
            // Note: using getDeclaredLength so that our behavior is the same
            // as previous versions when the content provider is returning
            // a full file.
            if (fd.getDeclaredLength() < 0) {
                setDataSource(descriptor);
            } else {
                setDataSource(descriptor, fd.getStartOffset(), fd.getDeclaredLength());
            }
            return;
        } catch (SecurityException ex) {
        } finally {
            try {
                if (fd != null) {
                    fd.close();
                }
            } catch(IOException ioEx) {
            }
        }
        setDataSource(uri.toString());
    }

    /**
     * Call this method after setDataSource(). This method retrieves the 
     * meta data value associated with the keyCode.
     * 
     * The keyCode currently supported is listed below as METADATA_XXX
     * constants. With any other value, it returns a null pointer.
     * 
     * @param keyCode One of the constants listed below at the end of the class.
     * @return The meta data value associate with the given keyCode on success; 
     * null on failure.
     */
    public native String extractMetadata(int keyCode);

    /**
     * Call this method after setDataSource(). This method finds a
     * representative frame if successful and returns it as a bitmap. This is
     * useful for generating a thumbnail for an input media source.
     * 
     * @return A Bitmap containing a representative video frame, which 
     *         can be null, if such a frame cannot be retrieved.
     */
    public native Bitmap captureFrame();

    /**
     * Call this method after setDataSource(). This method finds the optional
     * graphic or album art associated (embedded or external url linked) the 
     * related data source.
     * 
     * @return null if no such graphic is found.
     */
    public native byte[] extractAlbumArt();

    /**
     * Call it when one is done with the object. This method releases the memory
     * allocated internally.
     */
    public native void release();
    private native void native_setup();
    private static native void native_init();

    private native final void native_finalize();

    @Override
    protected void finalize() throws Throwable {
        try {
            native_finalize();
        } finally {
            super.finalize();
        }
    }

    public static final int MODE_GET_METADATA_ONLY  = 0x01;
    public static final int MODE_CAPTURE_FRAME_ONLY = 0x02;

    /*
     * Do not change these values without updating their counterparts
     * in include/media/mediametadataretriever.h!
     */
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_CD_TRACK_NUMBER = 0;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_ALBUM           = 1;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_ARTIST          = 2;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_AUTHOR          = 3;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_COMPOSER        = 4;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_DATE            = 5;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_GENRE           = 6;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_TITLE           = 7;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_YEAR            = 8;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_DURATION        = 9;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_NUM_TRACKS      = 10;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_IS_DRM_CRIPPLED = 11;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_CODEC           = 12;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_RATING          = 13;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_COMMENT         = 14;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_COPYRIGHT       = 15;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_BIT_RATE        = 16;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_FRAME_RATE      = 17;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_VIDEO_FORMAT    = 18;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_VIDEO_HEIGHT    = 19;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_VIDEO_WIDTH     = 20;
    public static final int METADATA_KEY_WRITER          = 21;
    // Add more here...
}
upvote
  flag
Hi. I'm trying to implement your code in my project but the surfaceCreated function is never called? – REJH
upvote
  flag
@REJH, it's called, when surface created, because this line mHolder.addCallback(this); attach Activity class to handle surface events. May be your IDE can't recognise this call, but it should be called. – vp_arth

As a side note - there seems to be a bug in the Android API or faulty documentation or maybe I am just plain stupid. The google docs clearly states the following:

Note: Starting with Android 4.0 (API level 14), the Camera.lock() and Camera.unlock() calls are managed for you automatically.

See: http://developer.android.com/guide/topics/media/camera.html

This does not seem to be the case!

After batteling for literaly days without any success and many little problems like "failed to start" kinda errors I decided to manually implement the locking and BAM! everything worked fine.

Im using the genymotion emulator for a 4.1.1 device with a min sdk of 14.

just follow this url u can find all kind of setting which are available in android, everything are customized

http://sourceforge.net/p/opencamera/code/ci/master/tree/

For the benefit of searchers, this example will give you an active preview, with a start/stop button for recording. It was modified from this android blog and seems fairly reliable.

java class (VideoWithSurfaceVw)

package <<your packagename here>>;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.content.Context;
import android.hardware.Camera;
import android.media.CamcorderProfile;
import android.media.MediaRecorder;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.SurfaceHolder;
import android.view.SurfaceView;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.FrameLayout;
import android.widget.Toast;

public class VideoWithSurfaceVw extends Activity{

    // Adapted from http://sandyandroidtutorials.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/android-video-capture-tutorial.html


    private Camera myCamera;
    private MyCameraSurfaceView myCameraSurfaceView;
    private MediaRecorder mediaRecorder;

    Button myButton;
    SurfaceHolder surfaceHolder;
    boolean recording;

    /** Called when the activity is first created. */
    @Override
    public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        recording = false;

        setContentView(R.layout.activity_video_with_surface_vw);

        //Get Camera for preview
        myCamera = getCameraInstance();
        if(myCamera == null){
            Toast.makeText(VideoWithSurfaceVw.this,
                    "Fail to get Camera",
                    Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
        }

        myCameraSurfaceView = new MyCameraSurfaceView(this, myCamera);
        FrameLayout myCameraPreview = (FrameLayout)findViewById(R.id.videoview);
        myCameraPreview.addView(myCameraSurfaceView);

        myButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.mybutton);
        myButton.setOnClickListener(myButtonOnClickListener);
    }

    Button.OnClickListener myButtonOnClickListener
            = new Button.OnClickListener(){

        @Override
        public void onClick(View v) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

            try{
                if(recording){
                    // stop recording and release camera
                    mediaRecorder.stop();  // stop the recording
                    releaseMediaRecorder(); // release the MediaRecorder object

                    //Exit after saved
                    //finish();
                    myButton.setText("REC");
                    recording = false;
                }else{

                    //Release Camera before MediaRecorder start
                    releaseCamera();

                    if(!prepareMediaRecorder()){
                        Toast.makeText(VideoWithSurfaceVw.this,
                                "Fail in prepareMediaRecorder()!\n - Ended -",
                                Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                        finish();
                    }

                    mediaRecorder.start();
                    recording = true;
                    myButton.setText("STOP");
                }
            }catch (Exception ex){
                ex.printStackTrace();
            }
        }};

    private Camera getCameraInstance(){
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        Camera c = null;
        try {
            c = Camera.open(); // attempt to get a Camera instance
        }
        catch (Exception e){
            // Camera is not available (in use or does not exist)
        }
        return c; // returns null if camera is unavailable
    }

    private String getFileName_CustomFormat() {
        SimpleDateFormat sdfDate = new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH_mm_ss");
        Date now = new Date();
        String strDate = sdfDate.format(now);
        return strDate;
    }


    private boolean prepareMediaRecorder(){
        myCamera = getCameraInstance();
        mediaRecorder = new MediaRecorder();

        myCamera.unlock();
        mediaRecorder.setCamera(myCamera);

        mediaRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.CAMCORDER);
        mediaRecorder.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.CAMERA);

        mediaRecorder.setProfile(CamcorderProfile.get(CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH));



        mediaRecorder.setOutputFile("/sdcard/" + getFileName_CustomFormat() + ".mp4");
        //mediaRecorder.setOutputFile("/sdcard/myvideo1.mp4");
        mediaRecorder.setMaxDuration(60000); // Set max duration 60 sec.
        mediaRecorder.setMaxFileSize(50000000); // Set max file size 50M

        mediaRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(myCameraSurfaceView.getHolder().getSurface());

        try {
            mediaRecorder.prepare();
        } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
            releaseMediaRecorder();
            return false;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            releaseMediaRecorder();
            return false;
        }
        return true;

    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        releaseMediaRecorder();       // if you are using MediaRecorder, release it first
        releaseCamera();              // release the camera immediately on pause event
    }

    private void releaseMediaRecorder(){
        if (mediaRecorder != null) {
            mediaRecorder.reset();   // clear recorder configuration
            mediaRecorder.release(); // release the recorder object
            mediaRecorder = new MediaRecorder();
            myCamera.lock();           // lock camera for later use
        }
    }

    private void releaseCamera(){
        if (myCamera != null){
            myCamera.release();        // release the camera for other applications
            myCamera = null;
        }
    }

    public class MyCameraSurfaceView extends SurfaceView implements SurfaceHolder.Callback{

        private SurfaceHolder mHolder;
        private Camera mCamera;

        public MyCameraSurfaceView(Context context, Camera camera) {
            super(context);
            mCamera = camera;

            // Install a SurfaceHolder.Callback so we get notified when the
            // underlying surface is created and destroyed.
            mHolder = getHolder();
            mHolder.addCallback(this);
            // deprecated setting, but required on Android versions prior to 3.0
            mHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);
        }

        @Override
        public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int weight,
                                   int height) {
            // If your preview can change or rotate, take care of those events here.
            // Make sure to stop the preview before resizing or reformatting it.

            if (mHolder.getSurface() == null){
                // preview surface does not exist
                return;
            }

            // stop preview before making changes
            try {
                mCamera.stopPreview();
            } catch (Exception e){
                // ignore: tried to stop a non-existent preview
            }

            // make any resize, rotate or reformatting changes here

            // start preview with new settings
            try {
                mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(mHolder);
                mCamera.startPreview();

            } catch (Exception e){
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub
            // The Surface has been created, now tell the camera where to draw the preview.
            try {
                mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(holder);
                mCamera.startPreview();
            } catch (IOException e) {
            }
        }

        @Override
        public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
            // TODO Auto-generated method stub

        }
    }
}

activity (activity_video_with_surface_vw)

<RelativeLayout android:id="@+id/surface_camera"     
xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
android:layout_width="fill_parent"
android:layout_height="fill_parent"
android:layout_centerInParent="true"
android:layout_weight="1"
>

<RelativeLayout
    android:orientation="vertical"
    android:layout_width="fill_parent"
    android:layout_height="fill_parent"
    >
    <FrameLayout
        android:id="@+id/videoview"
        android:layout_width="fill_parent"
        android:layout_height="fill_parent"/>
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/mybutton"
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="50dp"
        android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:text="REC"
        android:textSize="12dp"/>
</RelativeLayout>

</RelativeLayout>
upvote
  flag
Running the project in Android Studio produces the following error message in the .xml file: Error:(29) Error parsing XML: no element found where 29 is the line corresponding to </RelativeLayout> – bergercookie
upvote
  flag
@bergercookie - did you find/fix the issue? I lifted this from my working code (using Android Studio). Feel free to edit my post if there is a problem. – HockeyJ
1 upvote
  flag
@bergercookie - the xml sample is just missing a closing RelativeLayout tag. I fixed the formatting and now the closing tag shows properly – mjp66

The above example will work if you are using rear camera. If you are using front camera, you will have to adjust some things:

First off, you will need to add new permission in the manifest.

<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.front" android:required="false" />

In your initRecorder method, instead of

CamcorderProfile cpHigh = CamcorderProfile
                .get(CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH);
recorder.setProfile(cpHigh);

You need to use:

CamcorderProfile profile = CamcorderProfile.get(Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_FRONT, CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_LOW);
recorder.setProfile(profile);

because CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_HIGH is reserved for the rear camera.

You will also have to set the video size for mediarecorder as it is in your surface view.

Here is the full example of recording video from front camera with a small preview display:

Android.manifest

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO" />
<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera" android:required="false" />
<uses-feature android:name="android.hardware.camera.front" android:required="false" />

activity_camera.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context="CameraActivity">

    <SurfaceView
        android:layout_width="200dp"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:id="@+id/surfaceView"/>

    <Button
        android:layout_width="100dp"
        android:layout_height="100dp"
        android:text="REC"
        android:id="@+id/btnRecord"
        android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
        android:layout_marginBottom="25dp" />
</RelativeLayout>

CameraActivity.java

public class SongVideoActivity extends BaseActivity implements SurfaceHolder.Callback {

    private int mCameraContainerWidth = 0;
    private SurfaceView mSurfaceView = null;
    private SurfaceHolder mSurfaceHolder = null;

    private Camera mCamera = null;
    private boolean mIsRecording = false;

    private int mPreviewHeight;
    private int mPreviewWidth;

    MediaRecorder mRecorder;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_song_video);

        Thread.setDefaultUncaughtExceptionHandler(new Thread.UncaughtExceptionHandler() {
            @Override
            public void uncaughtException(Thread thread, Throwable ex) {
                releaseMediaRecorder();
                releaseCamera();
            }
        });

        mCamera = getCamera();

        //camera preview
        mSurfaceView = (SurfaceView) findViewById(R.id.surfaceView);
        mSurfaceHolder = mSurfaceView.getHolder();
        mSurfaceHolder.addCallback(this);
        // deprecated setting, but required on Android versions prior to 3.0
        mSurfaceHolder.setType(SurfaceHolder.SURFACE_TYPE_PUSH_BUFFERS);

        mCameraContainerWidth = mSurfaceView.getLayoutParams().width;

        findViewById(R.id.btnRecord).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (mIsRecording) {
                    stopRecording();
                } else {
                    // initialize video camera
                    if (prepareVideoRecorder()) {

                        // Camera is available and unlocked, MediaRecorder is prepared,
                        // now you can start recording
                        mRecorder.start();

                        // inform the user that recording has started
                        Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "Started recording", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
                        mIsRecording = true;
                    } else {
                        // prepare didn't work, release the camera
                        releaseMediaRecorder();
                        // inform user
                    }
                }
            }
        });
    }

    private void stopRecording() {
        mRecorder.stop();  // stop the recording
        releaseMediaRecorder(); // release the MediaRecorder object
        mCamera.lock();         // take camera access back from MediaRecorder

        // inform the user that recording has stopped
        Toast.makeText(this, "Recording complete", Toast.LENGTH_SHORT).show();
        mIsRecording = false;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDestroy() {
        super.onDestroy();
        releaseMediaRecorder();       // if you are using MediaRecorder, release it first
        releaseCamera();              // release the camera immediately on pause event
    }

    private Camera getCamera() {

        Camera.CameraInfo cameraInfo = new Camera.CameraInfo();
        for (int camIdx = 0; camIdx < Camera.getNumberOfCameras(); camIdx++) {
            Camera.getCameraInfo(camIdx, cameraInfo);
            if (cameraInfo.facing == Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_FRONT) {
                try {
                    return mCamera = Camera.open(camIdx);
                } catch (RuntimeException e) {
                    Log.e("cameras", "Camera failed to open: " + e.getLocalizedMessage());
                }
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    @Override
    protected void onPause() {
        super.onPause();
        releaseMediaRecorder();       // if you are using MediaRecorder, release it first
        releaseCamera();              // release the camera immediately on pause event
    }

    private Camera.Size getBestPreviewSize(Camera.Parameters parameters) {
        Camera.Size result=null;

        for (Camera.Size size : parameters.getSupportedPreviewSizes()) {
            if(size.width < size.height) continue; //we are only interested in landscape variants

            if (result == null) {
                result = size;
            }
            else {
                int resultArea = result.width*result.height;
                int newArea = size.width*size.height;

                if (newArea > resultArea) {
                    result = size;
                }
            }
        }

        return(result);
    }

    private boolean prepareVideoRecorder(){
        mRecorder = new MediaRecorder();

        // Step 1: Unlock and set camera to MediaRecorder
        mCamera.unlock();
        mRecorder.setCamera(mCamera);

        // Step 2: Set sources
        mRecorder.setAudioSource(MediaRecorder.AudioSource.DEFAULT);
        mRecorder.setVideoSource(MediaRecorder.VideoSource.DEFAULT);
        //recorder.setOutputFormat(MediaRecorder.OutputFormat.THREE_GPP);

        // Step 3: Set a CamcorderProfile (requires API Level 8 or higher)
        // Customise your profile based on a pre-existing profile
        CamcorderProfile profile = CamcorderProfile.get(Camera.CameraInfo.CAMERA_FACING_FRONT, CamcorderProfile.QUALITY_LOW);
        mRecorder.setProfile(profile);

        // Step 4: Set output file
        mRecorder.setOutputFile(new File(getFilesDir(), "movie-" + UUID.randomUUID().toString()).getAbsolutePath());
        //recorder.setMaxDuration(50000); // 50 seconds
        //recorder.setMaxFileSize(500000000); // Approximately 500 megabytes

        mRecorder.setVideoSize(mPreviewWidth, mPreviewHeight);

        // Step 5: Set the preview output
        mRecorder.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder.getSurface());

        // Step 6: Prepare configured MediaRecorder
        try {
            mRecorder.prepare();
        } catch (IllegalStateException e) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "exception: " + e.getMessage(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            releaseMediaRecorder();
            return false;
        } catch (IOException e) {
            Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(), "exception: " + e.getMessage(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            releaseMediaRecorder();
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    private void releaseMediaRecorder(){
        if (mRecorder != null) {
            mRecorder.reset();   // clear recorder configuration
            mRecorder.release(); // release the recorder object
            mRecorder = null;
            mCamera.lock();           // lock camera for later use
        }
    }

    private void releaseCamera(){
        if (mCamera != null){
            mCamera.release();        // release the camera for other applications
            mCamera = null;
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceCreated(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        // The Surface has been created, now tell the camera where to draw the preview.
            Camera.Parameters parameters = mCamera.getParameters();
            parameters.setRecordingHint(true);
            Camera.Size size = getBestPreviewSize(parameters);
        mCamera.setParameters(parameters);

            //resize the view to the specified surface view width in layout
            int newHeight = size.height / (size.width / mCameraContainerWidth);
            mSurfaceView.getLayoutParams().height = newHeight;
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceChanged(SurfaceHolder holder, int format, int width, int height) {
        mPreviewHeight = mCamera.getParameters().getPreviewSize().height;
        mPreviewWidth = mCamera.getParameters().getPreviewSize().width;

        mCamera.stopPreview();
        try {
            mCamera.setPreviewDisplay(mSurfaceHolder);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        mCamera.startPreview();
    }

    @Override
    public void surfaceDestroyed(SurfaceHolder holder) {
        if (mIsRecording) {
            stopRecording();
        }

        releaseMediaRecorder();
        releaseCamera();
    }
}
upvote
  flag
This does not work. It crashes my app by shutting down the VM. – Pink Jazz
upvote
  flag
Works! but the recorded video is upside down. Also when i try to do match_parent on width, preview is not visible. :/ – usman
upvote
  flag
for full screen preview set width and height as wrap_content. – usman

As of December 2017, there have been some updates, e.g. the usage of android.hardware.Camera is deprecated now. While the newer android.hardware.camera2 comes with handy things like a CameraManager.

I personally like this example a lot, which makes use of this current API and works like a charm: https://github.com/googlesamples/android-Camera2Video

It also includes asking the user for the required permissions at start and features video preview before starting the video recording.

(In addition, I find the code really beautiful (and this is very rare for me ^^), but that's just my subjective opinion.)

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.