I am getting an error when I try to run this simple python script:

input_variable = input ("Enter your name: ")
print ("your name is" + input_variable)

Lets say I type in "dude", the error I am getting is:

line 1, in <module>
input_variable = input ("Enter your name: ")
File "<string>", line 1, in <module>
NameError: name 'dude' is not defined

I am running Mac OS X 10.9.1 and I am using the Python Launcher app that came with the install of python 3.3 to run the script.

Edit: I realized I am somehow running these scripts with 2.7. I guess the real question is how do I run my scripts with version 3.3? I thought if I dragged and dropped my scripts on top of the Python Launcher app that is inside the Python 3.3 folder in my applications folder that it would launch my scripts using 3.3. I guess this method still launches scripts with 2.7. So How do I use 3.3?

9 upvote
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Are you sure it's Python 3.3? I would expect input to behave this way, but only in 2.7. What does it say when you run python --version from a command prompt? Alternatively, what if you write import sys; print(sys.version) at the beginning of your script? – Kevin
1 upvote
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You're not running Python 3. You're running Python 2, somehow (I'm not familiar with this "Python Launcher" app) – geoffspear
1 upvote
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Put as first line import sys and as second line print(sys.version_info) in order to ascertain which version you are using. – Hyperboreus
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I did what Kevin said and it is version 2.7.5! I'm not sure how though. I downloaded and installed version 3.3, in my applications folder there is a folder that is called "Python 3.3" inside that folder there is an app called "Python Launcher" and I am running my scripts by dragging and dropping them onto the Python Launcher app. How come I am still using 2.7 when I am using the 3.3 launcher app? – chillpenguin
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@chillpenguin Please include in the question that you are using 2.7. Thats crucial to answer this question. – thefourtheye
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@thefourtheye: The whole question is basically "why is Python Launcher running python 2 instead of, sensibly, Python 3", so... not really. – geoffspear
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I just edited my question to include that. I did not know that I was using 2.7.5 until I followed Kevin's instructions. – chillpenguin
2 upvote
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@chillpenguin: check out the Preferences dialog for Python Launcher. Apparently it doesn't default to running the version it was installed with, which is... dumb. (I've never used it myself; I find using the Terminal is better...) – geoffspear
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Thank you Wooble. Right now under prefences it says "interpreter: /usr/bin/pythonw " Is that what I want to change? What do I change it to? – chillpenguin
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#!/usr/bin/env python3 as first line – Cosine

6 Answers 11

You are running Python 2, not Python 3. For this to work in Python 2, use raw_input.

input_variable = raw_input ("Enter your name: ")
print ("your name is" + input_variable)

TL;DR

input function in Python 2.7, evaluates whatever your enter, as a Python expression. If you simply want to read strings, then use raw_input function in Python 2.7, which will not evaluate the read strings.

If you are using Python 3.x, raw_input has been renamed to input. Quoting the Python 3.0 release notes,

raw_input() was renamed to input(). That is, the new input() function reads a line from sys.stdin and returns it with the trailing newline stripped. It raises EOFError if the input is terminated prematurely. To get the old behavior of input(), use eval(input())


In Python 2.7, there are two functions which can be used to accept user inputs. One is input and the other one is raw_input. You can think of the relation between them as follows

input = eval(raw_input)

Consider the following piece of code to understand this better

>>> dude = "thefourtheye"
>>> input_variable = input("Enter your name: ")
Enter your name: dude
>>> input_variable
'thefourtheye'

input accepts a string from the user and evaluates the string in the current Python context. When I type dude as input, it finds that dude is bound to the value thefourtheye and so the result of evaluation becomes thefourtheye and that gets assigned to input_variable.

If I enter something else which is not there in the current python context, it will fail will the NameError.

>>> input("Enter your name: ")
Enter your name: dummy
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<input>", line 1, in <module>
  File "<string>", line 1, in <module>
NameError: name 'dummy' is not defined

Security considerations with Python 2.7's input:

Since whatever user types is evaluated, it imposes security issues as well. For example, if you have already loaded os module in your program with import os, and then the user types in

os.remove("/etc/hosts")

this will be evaluated as a function call expression by python and it will be executed. If you are executing Python with elevated privileges, /etc/hosts file will be deleted. See, how dangerous it could be?

To demonstrate this, let's try to execute input function again.

>>> dude = "thefourtheye"
>>> input("Enter your name: ")
Enter your name: input("Enter your name again: ")
Enter your name again: dude

Now, when input("Enter your name: ") is executed, it waits for the user input and the user input is a valid Python function invocation and so that is also invoked. That is why we are seeing Enter your name again: prompt again.

So, you are better off with raw_input function, like this

input_variable = raw_input("Enter your name: ")

If you need to convert the result to some other type, then you can use appropriate functions to convert the string returned by raw_input. For example, to read inputs as integers, use the int function, like shown in this answer.

In python 3.x, there is only one function to get user inputs and that is called input, which is equivalent to Python 2.7's raw_input.

10 upvote
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I know this question is a dup which is why there are so few votes here, but this is a fantastic answer. You explain the theory, give a practical example of something we newbies might not have thought of, and give a simple solution. Thank you. – Bachrach44
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Interesting explenation. as i newbie to python, this enlightened my thoughts ;) – Blood-HaZaRd

Since you are writing for Python 3.x, you'll want to begin your script with:

#!/usr/bin/env python3

If you use:

#!/usr/bin/env python

It will default to Python 2.x. These go on the first line of your script, if there is nothing that starts with #! (aka the shebang).

If your scripts just start with:

#! python

Then you can change it to:

#! python3

Although this shorter formatting is only recognized by a few programs, such as the launcher, so it is not the best choice.

The first two examples are much more widely used and will help ensure your code will work on any machine that has Python installed.

For anyone else that may run into this issue, turns out that even if you include #!/usr/bin/env python3 at the beginning of your script, the shebang is ignored if the file isn't executable.

To determine whether or not your file is executable:

  • run ./filename.py from the command line
  • if you get -bash: ./filename.py: Permission denied, run chmod a+x filename.py
  • run ./filename.py again

If you've included import sys; print(sys.version) as Kevin suggested, you'll now see that the script is being interpreted by python3

You can change which python you're using with your IDE, if you've already downloaded python 3.x it shouldn't be too hard to switch. But your script works fine on python 3.x, I would just change

print ("your name is" + input_variable)

to

print ("your name is", input_variable)

Because with the comma it prints with a whitespace in between your name is and whatever the user inputted. AND: if you're using 2.7 just use raw_input instead of input.

U could either do

x = raw_input("enter your name")
print "your name is %s " % x

or

x = str(input("enter your name"))
print "your name is %s" % x
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raw_input fixed the issue for me – Spencer Goff

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