Trying to explain it more descriptively,

Operation 1:

```
x = [[0, 0], [0, 0]]
print(type(x)) # <class 'list'>
print(x) # [[0, 0], [0, 0]]
x[0][0] = 1
print(x) # [[1, 0], [0, 0]]
```

Operation 2:

```
y = [[0] * 2] * 2
print(type(y)) # <class 'list'>
print(y) # [[0, 0], [0, 0]]
y[0][0] = 1
print(y) # [[1, 0], [1, 0]]
```

Noticed why doesn't modifying the first element of the first list didn't modify the second element of each list? That's because `[0] * 2`

really is a list of two numbers, and a reference to 0 cannot be modified.

If you want to create clone copies, try Operation 3:

```
import copy
y = [0] * 2
print(y) # [0, 0]
y = [y, copy.deepcopy(y)]
print(y) # [[0, 0], [0, 0]]
y[0][0] = 1
print(y) # [[1, 0], [0, 0]]
```

another interesting way to create clone copies, Operation 4:

```
import copy
y = [0] * 2
print(y) # [0, 0]
y = [copy.deepcopy(y) for num in range(1,5)]
print(y) # [[0, 0], [0, 0], [0, 0], [0, 0]]
y[0][0] = 5
print(y) # [[5, 0], [0, 0], [0, 0], [0, 0]]
```