I have the following JSON text that I need to parse to get pageName, pagePic, post_id, etc.

What is the required code?

{
   "pageInfo": {
         "pageName": "abc",
         "pagePic": "http://example.com/content.jpg"
    }
    "posts": [
         {
              "post_id": "123456789012_123456789012",
              "actor_id": "1234567890",
              "picOfPersonWhoPosted": "http://example.com/photo.jpg",
              "nameOfPersonWhoPosted": "Jane Doe",
              "message": "Sounds cool. Can't wait to see it!",
              "likesCount": "2",
              "comments": [],
              "timeOfPost": "1234567890"
         }
    ]
}
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3 upvote
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java's built in JSON libraries are the quickets way to do so, but in my experience GSON is the best library for parsing a JSON into a POJO painlessly. – Iman Akbari
23 upvote
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This question really was too broad and "write the code for me" which leads to a mess of confusing and differing answers below. This question should have been closed for being too broad and the author making no effort to solve it themselves, showing no homework. – Jayson Minard
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There are many notorious java libraries in java: jackson, gson, org.json, genson, etc. Choosing one should take into account their relative performance and feature set. Here is a benchmark did using JMH that compares the performance of the most popular json libraries in java: github.com/fabienrenaud/java-json-benchmark. See my post below for some more info. – fabien
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2 upvote
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This is the first highly voted and protected question whose answers I found the most confusing – Riyafa Abdul Hameed

29 Answers 11

quick-json parser is very straightforward, flexible, very fast and customizable. Try it

Features:

  • Compliant with JSON specification (RFC4627)
  • High-Performance JSON parser
  • Supports Flexible/Configurable parsing approach
  • Configurable validation of key/value pairs of any JSON Hierarchy
  • Easy to use # Very small footprint
  • Raises developer friendly and easy to trace exceptions
  • Pluggable Custom Validation support - Keys/Values can be validated by configuring custom validators as and when encountered
  • Validating and Non-Validating parser support
  • Support for two types of configuration (JSON/XML) for using quick-JSON validating parser
  • Requires JDK 1.5
  • No dependency on external libraries
  • Support for JSON Generation through object serialisation
  • Support for collection type selection during parsing process

It can be used like this:

JsonParserFactory factory=JsonParserFactory.getInstance();
JSONParser parser=factory.newJsonParser();
Map jsonMap=parser.parseJson(jsonString);
3 upvote
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Is there a javadoc available? – jboi
19 upvote
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This package cannot handle empty values when parsing. For example: ... "description":"" ... throws an Exception – Ivan
6 upvote
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I've fixed this issue (and many others) in code.google.com/p/quick-json/issues/detail?id=11 I hope the author will give take the time to fix it in the official release. – noamik
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Of listed features, nothing is unique compared to other options -- and claim of high-performance is not supported by anything; unlike for more mature libraries (Gson, Jackson, Genson, Boon) which are included in benchmarks like github.com/eishay/jvm-serializers, github.com/novoj/JavaJsonPerformanceTest or developer.com/lang/jscript/… -- I have not seen this library included in tests, or mentions of it being widely used. – StaxMan
2 upvote
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I just tried version 1.0.4 and it seems to have quite a few bugs regarding parsing arrays (empty arrays as well as arrays of objects) – Mene
12 upvote
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This project appears to be dead and appears to be no longer hosted in the central Maven repository. – 8bitjunkie
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Also, it reports numbers as strings. That, along with the empty string issue, was a deal-breaker for me. Downvoted. – Seva Alekseyev
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So, instead of having deserialized object, we have a map. Sometimes it can be useful. – Gangnus

I believe the best practice should be to go through the official Java JSON API which are still work in progress.

7 upvote
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Since I replied, I started using Jackson and I think it's one of the best libraries out there for JSON de-serialization. – Giovanni Botta
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Why do they re-use JSONP to mean something different than JSON with Padding?... – Chris Wesseling
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@ChrisWesseling What do you mean? – Giovanni Botta
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"Java API for JSON Processing (JSON-P)" is the title of the document you link to. And it confused me, because I knew JSONP to mean something else. – Chris Wesseling
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@ChrisWesseling oh that is confusing. That's what they chose for the specification. However as I said, I would go straight to Jackson. – Giovanni Botta
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FYI the link no longer works. – whirlwin

The org.json library is easy to use. Example code below:

import org.json.*;


JSONObject obj = new JSONObject(" .... ");
String pageName = obj.getJSONObject("pageInfo").getString("pageName");

JSONArray arr = obj.getJSONArray("posts");
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length(); i++)
{
    String post_id = arr.getJSONObject(i).getString("post_id");
    ......
}

You may find extra examples from: Parse JSON in Java

Downloadable jar: http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.json/json

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Where is the jar file for this? – JohnMerlino
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org.json jar can be found here: http://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.json/json – Dylan Hogg
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You got to be kidding me. Of literally dozens of libraries, this is has pretty much nothing to recommend it for. Vastly better choices include Gson, Genson, Jackson and FlexJson. – StaxMan
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I agree with @StaxMan. I just tried org.json and it's horribly cumbersome. It really doesn't play with with standard Java Collection types, for example. – Ken Williams
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@StaxMan I would choose org.json over other libraries for simple JSON parsing without even looking. It is the reference library that Douglas Crockford (the JSON discoverer) created. – Omar Al-Ithawi
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@OmarIthawi that is just silly. It's a proof-of-concept with awkward API, inefficient implementation. I think it is better to consider libraries on their own merits, instead of trying to deduce quality out of its authors visibility -- Doug has achieved many things, but that does not really change qualities of the particular lib. 10 years ago it was the only game in town, but since then there has been much positive progress. It's like Struts of json libs. – StaxMan
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I agree with you @StaxMan, may be I'm just a big fan of Crockford. – Omar Al-Ithawi
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@user1156544 Well technically JSON was invented by many people including JavaScript and Python authors. But the term JSON was coined by Douglas Crockford, and he popularized JSON as a date exchange format instead of XML so, he actually discovered JSON as a data exchange format: youtube.com/watch?v=kc8BAR7SHJI – Omar Al-Ithawi
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@OmarIthawi Thanks for the video! Sorry, my comment was just to say that in general terms humans only discover what already exists – user1156544
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org.json is amongst the worst json libraries. One should look at the feature set and performance of available json libraries before choosing. Here is a benchmark I did comparing jackson, gson, org.json, genson using JMH: github.com/fabienrenaud/java-json-benchmark. jackson is the clear winner here. – fabien
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Extremely inconvenient, it even does not support de/serialization. – Gangnus
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The License doesn't include any commonly used Open Source licensing, and it also holds copyrights. – Christian Vielma
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org.json is extremely slow compared to Jackson //allinonescript.com/a/42106801/1722236 – otonglet

This blew my mind with how easy it was. You can just pass a String holding your JSON to the constructor of a JSONObject in the default org.json package.

JSONArray rootOfPage =  new JSONArray(JSONString);

Done. Drops microphone. This works with JSONObjects as well. After that, you can just look through your hierarchy of Objects using the get() methods on your objects.

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The JSONArray type is not part of the J2SE JDK API and you don't say which API or third-party library provides this type. – Bobulous
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Not that I would recommend using it, but I think this refers to the "org.json" package from json.org/java. It used to be used before good Java libraries became available, but this was years ago (2008 or before) – StaxMan
  1. If one wants to create JAVA object from JSON and vice versa, use GSON or JACKSON third party jars etc.

    //from object to JSON 
    Gson gson = new Gson();
    gson.toJson(yourObject);
    
    // from JSON to object 
    yourObject o = gson.fromJson(JSONString,yourObject.class);
    
  2. But if one just want to parse a JSON string and get some values, (OR create a JSON string from scratch to send over wire) just use JaveEE jar which contains JsonReader, JsonArray, JsonObject etc. You may want to download the implementation of that spec like javax.json. With these two jars I am able to parse the json and use the values.

    These APIs actually follow the DOM/SAX parsing model of XML.

    Response response = request.get(); // REST call 
        JsonReader jsonReader = Json.createReader(new StringReader(response.readEntity(String.class)));
        JsonArray jsonArray = jsonReader.readArray();
        ListIterator l = jsonArray.listIterator();
        while ( l.hasNext() ) {
              JsonObject j = (JsonObject)l.next();
              JsonObject ciAttr = j.getJsonObject("ciAttributes");
    
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why the downvote ? what is wrong ?? please enlighten me ! :-) – nondescript
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I, too, would like to know why this was downvoted. It seems like a sensible suggestion, at least in the context of JEE environments that run Java 7. – pglezen
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@nondescript If I had to guess I'd say it was downvoted because it doesn't answer the original poster's question: "What is the required code?" The answers that were upvoted provided code snippets. – jewbix.cube
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Note: Jackson and GSON both support tree-style and/or Maps/Lists binding, so there is no need to use Java EE (javax.json) package. javax.json has little to offer beyond either Jackson or GSON. – StaxMan

Please do something like this:

JSONParser jsonParser = new JSONParser();
JSONObject obj = (JSONObject) jsonParser.parse(contentString);
String product = (String) jsonObject.get("productId");
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Er, which library is this? – Stewart
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I think he is using org.json.simple – Lasitha Yapa
{
   "pageInfo": {
         "pageName": "abc",
         "pagePic": "http://example.com/content.jpg"
    },
    "posts": [
         {
              "post_id": "123456789012_123456789012",
              "actor_id": "1234567890",
              "picOfPersonWhoPosted": "http://example.com/photo.jpg",
              "nameOfPersonWhoPosted": "Jane Doe",
              "message": "Sounds cool. Can't wait to see it!",
              "likesCount": "2",
              "comments": [],
              "timeOfPost": "1234567890"
         }
    ]
}

Java code :

JSONObject obj = new JSONObject(responsejsonobj);
String pageName = obj.getJSONObject("pageInfo").getString("pageName");

JSONArray arr = obj.getJSONArray("posts");
for (int i = 0; i < arr.length(); i++)
{
    String post_id = arr.getJSONObject(i).getString("post_id");
    ......etc
}
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Please explain your answer as code-only answers help others far less than well documented code. See "give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime". – Wai Ha Lee
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Would be good to mention this is for 'org.json' lib. However, I do not think this is a good way to do it at all being very verbose, and 'org.json' lib itself being obsolete (slow, cumbersome API). There are better choices: GSON, Jackson, Boon, Genson to use. – StaxMan

For the sake of the example lets assume you have a class Person with just a name.

private class Person {
    public String name;

    public Person(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }
}

Google GSON (Maven)

My personal favourite as to the great JSON serialisation / de-serialisation of objects.

Gson g = new Gson();

Person person = g.fromJson("{\"name\": \"John\"}", Person.class);
System.out.println(person.name); //John

System.out.println(g.toJson(person)); // {"name":"John"}

Update

If you want to get a single attribute out you can do it easily with the Google library as well:

JsonObject jsonObject = new JsonParser().parse("{\"name\": \"John\"}").getAsJsonObject();

System.out.println(jsonObject.get("name").getAsString()); //John

Org.JSON (Maven)

If you don't need object de-serialisation but to simply get an attribute, you can try org.json (or look GSON example above!)

JSONObject obj = new JSONObject("{\"name\": \"John\"}");

System.out.println(obj.getString("name")); //John

Jackson (Maven)

ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
Person user = mapper.readValue("{\"name\": \"John\"}", Person.class);

System.out.println(user.name); //John
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Good answer. One suggestion for minor improvement: both GSON and Jackson also support use of JSON tree representation (for Jackson these are JsonNodes, GSON has something similar). Might be good to show snippets, since that is similar to the only way org.json offers. – StaxMan
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Two other libraries worth mentioning (in the interest of completeness): json-simple and Oracle's JSONP – jake stayman
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@NeonWarge, why? It seems to me that this answer assumes one has already defined a Java class that contains exactly the same fields as the JSON string, nothing less and nothing more. This is quite a strong assumption. – Andrea Lazzarotto
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json-simple and oracle's jsonp perform terribly: github.com/fabienrenaud/java-json-benchmark For performance, choose jackson or dsljson. – fabien
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GSON does not support dynamic filtering of fields on levels other than root! – Gangnus
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Question: if "{\"name\": \"John\"}" is part of a longer string in JSON file, and that longer string is in one line, will JsonParser().parse(one_long_line) work? – mercury0114

If you have some Java class(say Message) representing the JSON string(jsonString), you can use Jackson JSON library with:

Message message= new ObjectMapper().readValue(jsonString, Message.class);

and from message object you can fetch any of its attribute.

Almost all the answers given requires a full deserialization of the JSON into a Java object before accessing the value in the property of interest. Another alternative, which does not go this route is to use JsonPATH which is like XPath for JSON and allows traversing of JSON objects.

It is a specification and the good folks at JayWay have created a Java implementation for the specification which you can find here: https://github.com/jayway/JsonPath

So basically to use it, add it to your project, eg:

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.jayway.jsonpath</groupId>
    <artifactId>json-path</artifactId>
    <version>${version}</version>
</dependency>

and to use:

String pageName = JsonPath.read(yourJsonString, "$.pageInfo.pageName");
String pagePic = JsonPath.read(yourJsonString, "$.pageInfo.pagePic");
String post_id = JsonPath.read(yourJsonString, "$.pagePosts[0].post_id");

etc...

Check the JsonPath specification page for more information on the other ways to transverse JSON.

In addition to other answers, I recomend this online opensource service jsonschema2pojo.org for quick generating Java classes from json or json schema for GSON, Jackson 1.x or Jackson 2.x. For example, if you have:

{
   "pageInfo": {
         "pageName": "abc",
         "pagePic": "http://example.com/content.jpg"
    }
    "posts": [
         {
              "post_id": "123456789012_123456789012",
              "actor_id": 1234567890,
              "picOfPersonWhoPosted": "http://example.com/photo.jpg",
              "nameOfPersonWhoPosted": "Jane Doe",
              "message": "Sounds cool. Can't wait to see it!",
              "likesCount": 2,
              "comments": [],
              "timeOfPost": 1234567890
         }
    ]
}

The jsonschema2pojo.org for GSON generated:

@Generated("org.jsonschema2pojo")
public class Container {
    @SerializedName("pageInfo")
    @Expose
    public PageInfo pageInfo;
    @SerializedName("posts")
    @Expose
    public List<Post> posts = new ArrayList<Post>();
}

@Generated("org.jsonschema2pojo")
public class PageInfo {
    @SerializedName("pageName")
    @Expose
    public String pageName;
    @SerializedName("pagePic")
    @Expose
    public String pagePic;
}

@Generated("org.jsonschema2pojo")
public class Post {
    @SerializedName("post_id")
    @Expose
    public String postId;
    @SerializedName("actor_id")
    @Expose
    public long actorId;
    @SerializedName("picOfPersonWhoPosted")
    @Expose
    public String picOfPersonWhoPosted;
    @SerializedName("nameOfPersonWhoPosted")
    @Expose
    public String nameOfPersonWhoPosted;
    @SerializedName("message")
    @Expose
    public String message;
    @SerializedName("likesCount")
    @Expose
    public long likesCount;
    @SerializedName("comments")
    @Expose
    public List<Object> comments = new ArrayList<Object>();
    @SerializedName("timeOfPost")
    @Expose
    public long timeOfPost;
}

Gson is easy to learn and implement, what we need to know are following two methods

  • toJson() – Convert Java object to JSON format

  • fromJson() – Convert JSON into Java object

`

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import com.google.gson.Gson;

public class GsonExample {
    public static void main(String[] args) {

    Gson gson = new Gson();

    try {

        BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(
            new FileReader("c:\\file.json"));

        //convert the json string back to object
        DataObject obj = gson.fromJson(br, DataObject.class);

        System.out.println(obj);

    } catch (IOException e) {
        e.printStackTrace();
    }

    }
}

`

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For complete knowledge on Gson refer below links. github.com/google/gson/blob/master/UserGuide.md – venkat

Read following blog json in java

This post is a little bit old but still i want to answer you Question

Step 1: Create a pojo class of your data.

Step 2: now create a object using json.

Employee employee = null;
ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
try{
employee =  mapper.readValue(newFile("/home/sumit/employee.json"),Employee.class);
} catch (JsonGenerationException e){
e.printStackTrace();
}

For further reference you can refer following link

Thanks

The below example shows how to read the text in the question, represented as the "jsonText" variable. This solution uses the Java EE7 javax.json API (which is mentioned in some of the other answers). The reason I've added it as a separate answer is that the following code shows how to actually access some of the values shown in the question. An implementation of the javax.json API would be required to make this code run. The full package for each of the classes required was included as I didn't want to declare "import" statements.

javax.json.JsonReader jr = 
    javax.json.Json.createReader(new StringReader(jsonText));
javax.json.JsonObject jo = jr.readObject();

//Read the page info.
javax.json.JsonObject pageInfo = jo.getJsonObject("pageInfo");
System.out.println(pageInfo.getString("pageName"));

//Read the posts.
javax.json.JsonArray posts = jo.getJsonArray("posts");
//Read the first post.
javax.json.JsonObject post = posts.getJsonObject(0);
//Read the post_id field.
String postId = post.getString("post_id");

Now, before anyone goes and downvotes this answer because it doesn't use GSON, org.json, Jackson, or any of the other 3rd party frameworks available, it's an example of "required code" per the question to parse the provided text. I am well aware that adherence to the current standard JSR 353 was not being considered for JDK 9 and as such the JSR 353 spec should be treated the same as any other 3rd party JSON handling implementation.

You could use Google Gson

Using this library you only need to create a model with the same json structure. Then the model is automatically filled in. You have to call your variables as your json keys, or use @SerializedName if you want to use different names.

For your example:

Json:

{
"pageInfo": {
     "pageName": "abc",
     "pagePic": "http://example.com/content.jpg"
}
"posts": [
     {
          "post_id": "123456789012_123456789012",
          "actor_id": "1234567890",
          "picOfPersonWhoPosted": "http://example.com/photo.jpg",
          "nameOfPersonWhoPosted": "Jane Doe",
          "message": "Sounds cool. Can't wait to see it!",
          "likesCount": "2",
          "comments": [],
          "timeOfPost": "1234567890"
     }
]

}

Model:

class MyModel {

    private PageInfo pageInfo;
    private ArrayList<Post> posts = new ArrayList<>();
}

class PageInfo {

    private String pageName;
    private String pagePic;
}

class Post {

    private String post_id;

    @SerializedName("actor_id") // <- example SerializedName
    private String actorId;

    private String picOfPersonWhoPosted;
    private String nameOfPersonWhoPosted;
    private String message;
    private String likesCount;
    private ArrayList<String> comments;
    private String timeOfPost;
}

Now you can parse using Gson library:

MyModel model = gson.fromJson(jsonString, MyModel.class);

You can generate model from json automatically using online tools like this

There are many JSON libraries available in Java.

The most notorious ones are: Jackson, GSON, Genson, FastJson and org.json.

There are typically three things one should look at for choosing any library:

  1. Performance
  2. Ease of use (code is simple to write and legible) - that goes with features.
  3. For mobile apps: dependency/jar size

Specifically for JSON libraries (and any serialization/deserialization libs), databinding is also usually of interest as it removes the need of writing boiler-plate code to pack/unpack the data.

For 1, see this benchmark: https://github.com/fabienrenaud/java-json-benchmark I did using JMH which compares (jackson, gson, genson, fastjson, org.json, jsonp) performance of serializers and deserializers using stream and databind APIs. For 2, you can find numerous examples on the Internet. The benchmark above can also be used as a source of examples...

Quick takeaway of the benchmark: Jackson performs 5 to 6 times better than org.json and more than twice better than GSON.

For your particular example, the following code decodes your json with jackson:

public class MyObj {

    private PageInfo pageInfo;
    private List<Post> posts;

    static final class PageInfo {
        private String pageName;
        private String pagePic;
    }

    static final class Post {
        private String post_id;
        @JsonProperty("actor_id");
        private String actorId;
        @JsonProperty("picOfPersonWhoPosted")
        private String pictureOfPoster;
        @JsonProperty("nameOfPersonWhoPosted")
        private String nameOfPoster;
        private String likesCount;
        private List<String> comments;
        private String timeOfPost;
    }

    private static final ObjectMapper JACKSON = new ObjectMapper();
    public static void main(String[] args) throws IOException {
        MyObj o = JACKSON.readValue(args[0], MyObj.class); // assumes args[0] contains your json payload provided in your question.
    }
}

Let me know if you have any questions.

A - Explanation

You can use Jackson libraries, for binding JSON String into POJO (Plain Old Java Object) instances. POJO is simply a class with only private fields and public getter/setter methods. Jackson is going to traverse the methods (using reflection), and maps the JSON object into the POJO instance as the field names of the class fits to the field names of the JSON object.

In your JSON object, which is actually a composite object, the main object consists o two sub-objects. So, our POJO classes should have the same hierarchy. I'll call the whole JSON Object as Page object. Page object consist of a PageInfo object, and a Post object array.

So we have to create three different POJO classes;

  • Page Class, a composite of PageInfo Class and array of Post Instances
  • PageInfo Class
  • Posts Class

The only package I've used is Jackson ObjectMapper, what we do is binding data;

com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper

The required dependencies, the jar files is listed below;

  • jackson-core-2.5.1.jar
  • jackson-databind-2.5.1.jar
  • jackson-annotations-2.5.0.jar

Here is the required code;

B - Main POJO Class : Page

package com.levo.jsonex.model;

public class Page {

    private PageInfo pageInfo;
    private Post[] posts;

    public PageInfo getPageInfo() {
        return pageInfo;
    }

    public void setPageInfo(PageInfo pageInfo) {
        this.pageInfo = pageInfo;
    }

    public Post[] getPosts() {
        return posts;
    }

    public void setPosts(Post[] posts) {
        this.posts = posts;
    }

}

C - Child POJO Class : PageInfo

package com.levo.jsonex.model;

public class PageInfo {

    private String pageName;
    private String pagePic;

    public String getPageName() {
        return pageName;
    }

    public void setPageName(String pageName) {
        this.pageName = pageName;
    }

    public String getPagePic() {
        return pagePic;
    }

    public void setPagePic(String pagePic) {
        this.pagePic = pagePic;
    }

}

D - Child POJO Class : Post

package com.levo.jsonex.model;

public class Post {

    private String post_id;
    private String actor_id;
    private String picOfPersonWhoPosted;
    private String nameOfPersonWhoPosted;
    private String message;
    private int likesCount;
    private String[] comments;
    private int timeOfPost;

    public String getPost_id() {
        return post_id;
    }

    public void setPost_id(String post_id) {
        this.post_id = post_id;
    }

    public String getActor_id() {
        return actor_id;
    }

    public void setActor_id(String actor_id) {
        this.actor_id = actor_id;
    }

    public String getPicOfPersonWhoPosted() {
        return picOfPersonWhoPosted;
    }

    public void setPicOfPersonWhoPosted(String picOfPersonWhoPosted) {
        this.picOfPersonWhoPosted = picOfPersonWhoPosted;
    }

    public String getNameOfPersonWhoPosted() {
        return nameOfPersonWhoPosted;
    }

    public void setNameOfPersonWhoPosted(String nameOfPersonWhoPosted) {
        this.nameOfPersonWhoPosted = nameOfPersonWhoPosted;
    }

    public String getMessage() {
        return message;
    }

    public void setMessage(String message) {
        this.message = message;
    }

    public int getLikesCount() {
        return likesCount;
    }

    public void setLikesCount(int likesCount) {
        this.likesCount = likesCount;
    }

    public String[] getComments() {
        return comments;
    }

    public void setComments(String[] comments) {
        this.comments = comments;
    }

    public int getTimeOfPost() {
        return timeOfPost;
    }

    public void setTimeOfPost(int timeOfPost) {
        this.timeOfPost = timeOfPost;
    }

}

E - Sample JSON File : sampleJSONFile.json

I've just copied your JSON sample into this file and put it under the project folder.

{
   "pageInfo": {
         "pageName": "abc",
         "pagePic": "http://example.com/content.jpg"
    },
    "posts": [
         {
              "post_id": "123456789012_123456789012",
              "actor_id": "1234567890",
              "picOfPersonWhoPosted": "http://example.com/photo.jpg",
              "nameOfPersonWhoPosted": "Jane Doe",
              "message": "Sounds cool. Can't wait to see it!",
              "likesCount": "2",
              "comments": [],
              "timeOfPost": "1234567890"
         }
    ]
}

F - Demo Code

package com.levo.jsonex;

import java.io.File;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;

import com.fasterxml.jackson.databind.ObjectMapper;
import com.levo.jsonex.model.Page;
import com.levo.jsonex.model.PageInfo;
import com.levo.jsonex.model.Post;

public class JSONDemo {

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ObjectMapper objectMapper = new ObjectMapper();

        try {
            Page page = objectMapper.readValue(new File("sampleJSONFile.json"), Page.class);

            printParsedObject(page);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

    }

    private static void printParsedObject(Page page) {
        printPageInfo(page.getPageInfo());
        System.out.println();
        printPosts(page.getPosts());
    }

    private static void printPageInfo(PageInfo pageInfo) {
        System.out.println("Page Info;");
        System.out.println("**********");
        System.out.println("\tPage Name : " + pageInfo.getPageName());
        System.out.println("\tPage Pic  : " + pageInfo.getPagePic());
    }

    private static void printPosts(Post[] posts) {
        System.out.println("Page Posts;");
        System.out.println("**********");
        for(Post post : posts) {
            printPost(post);
        }
    }

    private static void printPost(Post post) {
        System.out.println("\tPost Id                   : " + post.getPost_id());
        System.out.println("\tActor Id                  : " + post.getActor_id());
        System.out.println("\tPic Of Person Who Posted  : " + post.getPicOfPersonWhoPosted());
        System.out.println("\tName Of Person Who Posted : " + post.getNameOfPersonWhoPosted());
        System.out.println("\tMessage                   : " + post.getMessage());
        System.out.println("\tLikes Count               : " + post.getLikesCount());
        System.out.println("\tComments                  : " + Arrays.toString(post.getComments()));
        System.out.println("\tTime Of Post              : " + post.getTimeOfPost());
    }

}

G - Demo Output

Page Info;
****(*****
    Page Name : abc
    Page Pic  : http://example.com/content.jpg
Page Posts;
**********
    Post Id                   : 123456789012_123456789012
    Actor Id                  : 1234567890
    Pic Of Person Who Posted  : http://example.com/photo.jpg
    Name Of Person Who Posted : Jane Doe
    Message                   : Sounds cool. Can't wait to see it!
    Likes Count               : 2
    Comments                  : []
    Time Of Post              : 1234567890
1 upvote
  flag
A detailed explanation on exactly what I was looking for ! Thanks. – HardikT

Top answers on this page use too simple examples like object with one property (e.g. {name: value}). I think that still simple but real life example can help someone.

So this is the JSON returned by Google Translate API:

{
  "data": 
     {
        "translations": 
          [
            {
              "translatedText": "Arbeit"
             }
          ]
     }
}

I want to retrieve the value of "translatedText" attribute e.g. "Arbeit" using Google's Gson.

Two possible approaches:

  1. Retrieve just one needed attribute

    String json  = callToTranslateApi("work", "de");
    JsonObject jsonObject = new JsonParser().parse(json).getAsJsonObject();
    return jsonObject.get("data").getAsJsonObject()
            .get("translations").getAsJsonArray()
            .get(0).getAsJsonObject()
            .get("translatedText").getAsString();
    
  2. Create Java object from JSON

    class ApiResponse {
        Data data;      
        class Data {
            Translation[] translations;         
            class Translation {
                String translatedText;
            }
         }
     }
    

    ...

     Gson g = new Gson();
     String json =callToTranslateApi("work", "de");
     ApiResponse response = g.fromJson(json, ApiResponse.class);
     return response.data.translations[0].translatedText;
    

you can use Jayway JsonPath. below is github link with source code,pom details and good documentation.

https://github.com/jayway/JsonPath

Please follow below steps.

Step 1: add jayway json path dependency in your class path using maven or download jar file and manually add it.

<dependency>
            <groupId>com.jayway.jsonpath</groupId>
            <artifactId>json-path</artifactId>
            <version>2.2.0</version>
</dependency>

Step 2: please save your input json as file for this example. in my case i saved your json as sampleJson.txt. Note you missed a comma between pageInfo and posts

Step 3: read the json contents from above file using bufferedReader and save it as String.

BufferedReader br = new BufferedReader(new FileReader("D:\\sampleJson.txt"));

        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
        String line = br.readLine();

        while (line != null) {
            sb.append(line);
            sb.append(System.lineSeparator());
            line = br.readLine();
        }
        br.close();
        String jsonInput = sb.toString();

Step 4: parse your json string using jayway json parser.

Object document = Configuration.defaultConfiguration().jsonProvider().parse(jsonInput);

Step 5: read the details like below.

String pageName = JsonPath.read(document, "$.pageInfo.pageName");
String pagePic = JsonPath.read(document, "$.pageInfo.pagePic");
String post_id = JsonPath.read(document, "$.posts[0].post_id");

System.out.println("$.pageInfo.pageName "+pageName);
System.out.println("$.pageInfo.pagePic "+pagePic);
System.out.println("$.posts[0].post_id "+post_id);

Output will be:

$.pageInfo.pageName = abc
$.pageInfo.pagePic = http://example.com/content.jpg
$.posts[0].post_id  = 123456789012_123456789012

Use minimal-json which is very fast and easy to use. you can parse from String obj and Stream. Sample Data :

{
  "order": 4711,
  "items": [
    {
      "name": "NE555 Timer IC",
      "cat-id": "645723",
      "quantity": 10,
    },
    {
      "name": "LM358N OpAmp IC",
      "cat-id": "764525",
      "quantity": 2
    }
  ]
}

Parsing :

JsonObject object = Json.parse(input).asObject();
int orders = object.get("order").asInt();
JsonArray items = object.get("items").asArray();

Creating Json :

JsonObject user = Json.object().add("name", "Sakib").add("age", 23);

Maven :

<dependency>
  <groupId>com.eclipsesource.minimal-json</groupId>
  <artifactId>minimal-json</artifactId>
  <version>0.9.4</version>
</dependency>
upvote
  flag
Nice little parser, simple and easy to use. – David George
upvote
  flag
How does the pojo will look? – Jesse
upvote
  flag
For Pojo use gson. This library doesn't support. – Sakib Sami

I have json Like.

{
   "pageInfo": {
         "pageName": "abc",
         "pagePic": "http://example.com/content.jpg"
    }
}

Java class

class PageInfo {

    private String pageName;
    private String pagePic;

    //getters and setters
}

Code for converting this json to Java class.

    PageInfo pageInfo = JsonPath.parse(jsonString).read("$.pageInfo", PageInfo.class);

Maven

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.jayway.jsonpath</groupId>
    <artifactId>json-path</artifactId>
    <version>2.2.0</version>
</dependency>

First you need to select an implementation library to do that.

The Java API for JSON Processing (JSR 353) provides portable APIs to parse, generate, transform, and query JSON using object model and streaming APIs.

The reference implementation is here: https://jsonp.java.net/

Here you can find a list of implementations of JSR 353:

What are the API that does implement JSR-353 (JSON)

And to help you decide... I found this article as well:

http://blog.takipi.com/the-ultimate-json-library-json-simple-vs-gson-vs-jackson-vs-json/

If you go for Jackson, here is a good article about conversion between JSON to/from Java using Jackson: https://www.mkyong.com/java/how-to-convert-java-object-to-from-json-jackson/

Hope it helps!

upvote
  flag
You are pointing to version 1 of Jackson library. Strongly suggest to use current version of Jackson library. – Herbert Yu

Since nobody mentioned it yet, here is a beginning of a solution using Nashorn (Javascript Runtime part of Java 8).

Solution

private static final String EXTRACTOR_SCRIPT = 
    "var fun = function(raw) { " +
    "var json = JSON.parse(raw); " +
    "return [json.pageInfo.pageName, json.pageInfo.pagePic, json.posts[0].post_id];};";

public void run() throws ScriptException, NoSuchMethodException {
    ScriptEngine engine = new ScriptEngineManager().getEngineByName("nashorn");
    engine.eval(EXTRACTOR_SCRIPT);
    Invocable invocable = (Invocable) engine;
    JSObject result = (JSObject) invocable.invokeFunction("fun", JSON);
    result.values().forEach(e -> System.out.println(e));
}

Performance comparison

I wrote a json containing 3 arrays of respectively 20, 20 and 100 elements. I only want to get the 100 elements from the third array. I use the following js function to parse and get my entries.

var fun = function(raw) {JSON.parse(raw).entries};

Running a million time the call using

Nashorn takes 7.5~7.8"

(JSObject) invocable.invokeFunction("fun", json);

org.json takes 20~21"

new JSONObject(JSON).getJSONArray("entries");

Jackson takes 6.5~7"

mapper.readValue(JSON, Entries.class).getEntries();

In this case Jackson performs better than Nashorn, which performs much better than org.json. Nashorn API is harder to use than org.json's or Jackson's. Depending on your requirements Jackson and Nashorn both can be viable solutions.

You can use JsonNode for a structured tree representation of your Json string, it's part of the rock solid jackson library (https://github.com/FasterXML/jackson) which is omnipresent

ObjectMapper mapper = new ObjectMapper();
JsonNode yourObj = mapper.readTree("{\"k\":\"v\"}");

There are many open source libraries are present to parse json to object or just to read json values. Your requirement is just to read values and parsing it to custom object. So org.json library is enough in your case.

Use org.json library to parse it and create JsonObject :-

JSONObject jsonObj = new JSONObject(<jsonStr>);

Now, use this object to get your values :-

String id = jsonObj.getString("pageInfo");

You can see complete example here :-

How to parse Json in java

upvote
  flag
It seems like all your answers contain a link to that site. If it's spam, please stop. If it's not, sorry for the confusion, but I don't think that it's necessary to post a link in all your answers. – Donald Duck
1 upvote
  flag
Its tough to give an answer, where you can explain all scenarios. Like in this case, how to read json array or multiple json objects. Even If I do so, answer would be very long and person may get confuse. So I give a link where proper explanation is given, with proper example. He can chose to visit or can use only my explanation only. – lalitbhagtani
upvote
  flag
It appears to me that the link you have provided only demonstrates how to read JSON. Where can I find info on how to JSON as well? – Lampros Tzanetos
upvote
  flag
Sorry, but I didn't understand your question :- "on how to JSON as well" – lalitbhagtani

We can use the JSONObject class to convert json string to JSON object, and to iterate over the json object.Use the following code.

JSONObject jObj = new JSONObject(contents.trim());
Iterator<?> keys = jObj.keys();

while( keys.hasNext() ) {
  String key = (String)keys.next();
  if ( jObj.get(key) instanceof JSONObject ) {           
    System.out.println(jObj.getString(String key));
  }
}
1 upvote
  flag
This is android only – Ľubomír
upvote
  flag
upvote
  flag
@DermotCanniffe it is just Android. – Jacob Wood

As @Gioele Costa asked before and it was marked as duplicate i will answer here:

Suppose to have this response from backend

{"OK":[{"tavolo":"1","pizza":"magherita","quantita":"12","note":"nothing"},{"tavolo":"1","pizza":"4formaggi","quantita":"1","note":"nothing"}],"success":1}

Following a backend - frontend and json parser utility

$result = mysql_query(your query);
if (mysql_num_rows($result) > 0) {

        $response["OK"] = array();

        while ($row = mysql_fetch_array($result)) {
            // temp user array
            $product = array();
            $product["tavolo"] = $row["tavolo"];
            $product["pizza"] = $row["pizza"];        
            $product["quantita"] = $row["quantita"]; 
            $product["note"] = $row["note"]; 
            // push single product into final response array
            array_push($response["OK"], $product);
        }
        // success
        $response["success"] = 1;
        // echoing JSON response
        echo json_encode($response);
    }

I used AsyncTask to implement the software client side

//your activity..

    final String url_all_products = "yoururl.something";
    // JSON Node names
   final String TAG_SUCCESS = "success";
    //Row is your bean
     ArrayList<Row> productsList;
    // products JSONArray
    JSONArray products = null;  
    JSONParser jParser = new JSONParser();


    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

        new LoadAllProducts().execute();
    }

    /**
     * Background Async Task 
     * */
    class LoadAllProducts extends AsyncTask<String, String, String> {

        /**
         * Before starting background thread Show Progress Dialog
         * */
        @Override
        protected void onPreExecute() {
            // do something
        }

        protected String doInBackground(String... args) {

            JSONObject json = jParser.makeHttpRequest(url_all_products, "GET");

            try {

                success = json.getInt(TAG_SUCCESS);

                if (success == 1) {

                    products = json.getJSONArray("OK");

                    productsList = new ArrayList<Row>();

                    // looping through All Products
                    for (int i = 0; i < products.length(); i++) {
                        JSONObject c = products.getJSONObject(i);

                        Row r = new Row();
                        r.setDescription(c.getString("tavolo"));
                        r.setLat(c.getString("pizza"));
                        r.setLon(c.getString("quantita"));
                        r.setGame_sequence(c.getString("note"));

                        productsList.add(r);
                    }
                }else {/*do something*/}
            } catch (Exception e) {
                // TODO Auto-generated catch block
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            return null;
        }
        /**
         * After completing background task Dismiss the progress dialog
         * **/
        protected void onPostExecute(String file_url) {
            // do something

            }
        }
    }
}

JSONParser class (note Apache Http Client is not supported anymore )

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import org.apache.http.HttpEntity;
import org.apache.http.HttpResponse;
import org.apache.http.client.ClientProtocolException;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpGet;
import org.apache.http.client.methods.HttpPost;
import org.apache.http.impl.client.DefaultHttpClient;
import org.json.JSONException;
import org.json.JSONObject;
public class JSONParser {
    static InputStream is = null;
    static JSONObject jObj = null;
    static String json = "";
    // constructor
    public JSONParser() {
    }
    // function get json from url
    // by making HTTP POST or GET mehtod
    public JSONObject makeHttpRequest(String url, String method) {
        // Making HTTP request
        try {
            // check for request method
            if("POST".equals(method)){
                // request method is POST
                // defaultHttpClient
                DefaultHttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
                HttpPost httpPost = new HttpPost(url);  
                HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpPost);
                HttpEntity httpEntity = httpResponse.getEntity();
                is = httpEntity.getContent();
            }else if("GET".equals(method)){
                // request method is GET
                DefaultHttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
                HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(url);
                HttpResponse httpResponse = httpClient.execute(httpGet);
                HttpEntity httpEntity = httpResponse.getEntity();
                is = httpEntity.getContent();
            }           
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        try {
            BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(
                    is));
            StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder();
            String line = null;
            while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
                sb.append(line);
            }
            is.close();
            json = sb.toString();
        } catch (Exception e) {
         e.printStackTrace();
        }
        // try parse the string to a JSON object
        try {
            jObj = new JSONObject(json);
        } catch (JSONException e) {
             e.printStackTrace();
        }
        return jObj; 
    }
}

You can use the Gson Library to parse the JSON string.

Gson gson = new Gson();
JsonObject jsonObject = gson.fromJson(jsonAsString, JsonObject.class);

String pageName = jsonObject.getAsJsonObject("pageInfo").get("pageName").getAsString();
String pagePic = jsonObject.getAsJsonObject("pageInfo").get("pagePic").getAsString();
String postId = jsonObject.getAsJsonArray("posts").get(0).getAsJsonObject().get("post_id").getAsString();

You can also loop through the "posts" array as so:

JsonArray posts = jsonObject.getAsJsonArray("posts");
for (JsonElement post : posts) {
  String postId = post.getAsJsonObject().get("post_id").getAsString();
  //do something
}

One can use Apache @Model annotation to create Java model classes representing structure of JSON files and use them to access various elements in the JSON tree. Unlike other solutions this one works completely without reflection and is thus suitable for environments where reflection is impossible or comes with significant overhead.

There is a sample Maven project showing the usage. First of all it defines the structure:

@Model(className="RepositoryInfo", properties = {
    @Property(name = "id", type = int.class),
    @Property(name = "name", type = String.class),
    @Property(name = "owner", type = Owner.class),
    @Property(name = "private", type = boolean.class),
})
final class RepositoryCntrl {
    @Model(className = "Owner", properties = {
        @Property(name = "login", type = String.class)
    })
    static final class OwnerCntrl {
    }
}

and then it uses the generated RepositoryInfo and Owner classes to parse the provided input stream and pick certain information up while doing that:

List<RepositoryInfo> repositories = new ArrayList<>();
try (InputStream is = initializeStream(args)) {
    Models.parse(CONTEXT, RepositoryInfo.class, is, repositories);
}

System.err.println("there is " + repositories.size() + " repositories");
repositories.stream().filter((repo) -> repo != null).forEach((repo) -> {
    System.err.println("repository " + repo.getName() + 
        " is owned by " + repo.getOwner().getLogin()
    );
})

That is it! In addition to that here is a live gist showing similar example together with asynchronous network communication.

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